IAVA Publications

NEW - IAVA Issue Brief 5: Unheard and Uncounted: Violence against Women in India, October 2015
Violence against women, and the reluctance of authorities to deal with it, present a serious challenge to Indian society, law enforcement, and judicial affairs. Numerous incidents involving group rapes and rape and murder—such as the Nirbhaya case in New Delhi in 2012—have captured national and international attention. While domestic violence and public intimidation are familiar to women across India, statistics remain scarce and unreliable. The fifth Issue Brief from the India Armed Violence Assessment discusses the prevalence of violence against women in India and the status of research to date.

IAVA Issue Brief 4: Small Arms of the Indian State: A Century of Procurement and Production, January 2014
While the Indian small arms industry is one of the world’s largest, it is often overlooked internationally because it mostly supplies domestic military and law enforcement services, rather than civilian or export markets. Small arms procurement by the Indian government long reflected the country’s larger national military procurement system, stressing indigenous arms production  above all. This policy has changed since the 1990s, but its legacy will continue to affect Indian official small arms procurement for decades to come.(Also available in Hindi).

IAVA Issue Brief 3: A Heavy Hand: The Use of Force by India's Police, August 2012.
In any society, police are distinguished by their legal authority to use force to coerce citizens in certain situations. Given the high potential for the police to abuse force, checks and balances are needed to minimize the use of force and make officers accountable when they resort to it. India has approximately 2.4 million men and women in official policing, and their use of force is regulated both by the laws of the country and by internal rules and procedures. But there is growing consensus within India for the need of police reform. (Also available in HindiIssue Brief 3: Addenda

Global Burden of Armed Violence 2011, Geneva Declaration, December 2011. 
This update of the path breaking first edition estimates at least 526,000 people die violently every year, more than three-quarters in non-conflict settings. New research on femicide reveals that about 66,000 women and girls are violently killed around the world each year. This volume assesses the linkages between violent death rates and socio-economic development, demonstrating that homicide rates are higher wherever income disparity, extreme poverty, and hunger are high. 

Inclusive Security, Inclusive Cities, Geneva Declaration, October 2011. 
As urban areas grow, so has the problem of urban armed violence. The first section of this paper highlights  particularities of urban armed violence and its impact on development. The following looks at the most critical risks—inequality, firearms proliferation, and limited government capacity. The paper proposes an agenda, outlining concrete steps for more effective armed violence reduction and prevention strategies in urban areas.  

IAVA Issue Brief 2:  Mapping Murder: The Geography of Indian Firearm Fatalities, September 2011.
Rates of murder, and firearms murder in particular, vary dramatically across India's 28 states and seven union territories, as well 35 cities with over one million residents. National statistics and autopsy findings reveal the range of variation between states and cities. Murder and firearms death are declining in many regions, but much of the country still faces extreme problems. This Issue Brief identifies those areas worst affected and those most immune. Access to illegal firearms is a major element in this variation. (Also available in Hindi).

IAVA Issue Brief 1:  India's States of Armed Violence: Assessing the Human Cost and Political Priorities, September 2011.
Some forms of violence get more attention than others. Terrorism and insurgency have effects which go far beyond the direct deaths and injuries that they cause, undermining security and economic development. But for sheer numbers of lives destroyed, criminal violence and suicide deserve more attention. All forms of armed violence require more attention, and more holistic policy. Institutional cooperation between ministries, the central and state governments, and between government and civil society is only beginning to occur. (Also available in Hindi)